- Powerful writing includes clarity and simplicity that compels the attention of the reader.
- Compelling prose shares 2 fundamental attributes
- Flow-Each previous sentence must be the foundation of the succeeding sentence you are going to make.
- Coherence- Readers look for unifying ideas underlying themes in each paragraph. This unifying idea makes the paragraph coherent.
- Coherent paragraph has 2 parts
- Starting sentence- That briefly introduces the key topic
- Body of sentence-Which discusses the topic mentioned in 1st sentence
Eliminate wordy sentence and paragraph
- The key to decrease wordiness is writing simply and directly.
- Each word should have a specific purpose: just get to the point and use as few words as possible to make your point.
- Write in active voice
- Use parallel writing- Means keeping things the same throughout the sentence. It means nouns, adjectives, adverbs,verbs must be in the same form.
Preparation before writing
Make an outline
- make a rough structure of your essay- intro, body, and conclusion-along with subheadings. Fit in your ideas under this heads and weave your narratives
- Outlines keep your idea organized, with no repetition.
How to achieve it?-
- List out all the points which you are going to make.
- After making those points, think about the proper order of these points.
Write a thesis sentence
- It explains the purpose of writing essay.
- It should guide your thinking about rest of essay.
- It should be broad enough to cover topics , but specific enough to give a sense of what essay is all about.
- Make it simple and to the point
Write a topic sentence for each paragraph
- Think about what kind of points you want to make in each of those paragraphs.
Write an introduction that works
- Establish the context of your essay.
- Clearly state what the essay is all about.
- Give a reader sense of the point which you will be making.
Points to keep in mind
A well-crafted introduction creates urgency and curiosity in the mind of reader, a brief idea of what is coming ahead, and makes your audience waiting for more.
A good intro must
- Generate interest in the reader.
- Must be relevant to the question
- Must be concise
- The body paragraph should be focused.
- Don’t make the mistake of putting too many ideas in one paragraph.
- The paragraph needs to focus on only one topic
- The topic sentence clearly states that topic
- All other sentences in that paragraph support or explain that topic
- When you change to a new idea, begin a new paragraph.
- Elaboration- elaborate sentence in various contexts and amplify given sentence. Substantiating each context with examples will make the essay more persuasive
- Analysis- After elaboration, comes analysis-deals with what, when, and how of the topic.
Things you must consider
- Get to the point as soon as possible
- Elaborate on that point- you must fully explain/defend/support your topic sentence.
- Essays must have a smooth flow from one paragraph to the next.
- Capture the evolution of subject from its origin to its current status to the future roadmap
Transition between paragraph
- Through a link sentence- Write a sentence that signals to the reader what is coming next.
- Asking questions, which will be explained in the next sentence.
- Signaling the shift at the start of the next paragraph.
- Be sure the conclusion connects to your introduction
- Don’t introduce new information or new detail
- a conclusion should address your entire argument, not elaborate specific points.
Write Powerful final sentence
It can either
- Leave the reader with something to think about.
- Reiterate a point.
- Try to persuade the reader.